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If you plant corn in 20-inch rows soybeans will be planted in 20-inch rows. Crop and Pasture Science, Vol. ICM News. Equipment plays a large role in that choice. Another reason given for moving from narrow soybean rows to 30-inch rows is that white mold tends to be more severe when the ground and the lower crop canopy stay wet. 7.5” vs 15”, 10” vs 20”, 15” vs 30” Farmer Requirements • Establish the trial with your own equipment, using a provided plot plan • Provide seeding equipment specifications to MPSG Soybean Row Spacing—An Overlooked Practice in the Weed Control Toolbox. Often, row spacing decisions are made based on what equipment is already available. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(1667865, '9f976a2c-e142-4d94-a28d-36fd73f219e2', {}); Copyright © 2014-2020 Farmer's Business Network, Inc. All rights reserved. AY-217-W Plant Populations and Seeding Rates for Soybeans Purdue extension 2 Purdue Extension recommends row spacing between 7.5 and 15 inches for maximum soybean yield. F2F Genetics Network branded seed products and other seed products are offered by FBN Inputs, LLC and are available only in states where FBN Inputs, LLC is licensed. Another big plus of this agronomic practice is that narrower rows can more efficiently intercept light. 12-inch row spacing exceeded the 24- and 26-inch spacing by 18.7% and 31 .8%, respectively. We typically see a yield advantage, however, for soybeans in rows 20 inches or less. Soybean Row Spacing Trial Treatments • Compare two row spacings according to seeding/planting equipment capabilities Ex. The land that I have a chance at running … June 13, 2019. Introduction Soybean row spacing preferences vary with 15-inch and 30-inch rows the most common. Most corn planters are set to plant 30-in. 05/18/20. If I can get efficient planting done and keep soybeans in 15-inch rows and corn in 30-inch rows, that’s what I would like to do," says Nafziger. The study consisted of a series of nine trials conducted during 2008 to 2011 at the NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center and research sites in Prosper and Fargo. Results demonstrated clear differences between row-spacing types for each of three pest species (soybean looper, Pseudoplusia includens (Walker); velvetbean caterpillar, Anticarsia gemmatalis Hübner; and green cloverworm, Plathypena scabra (F.) when all size classes are combined. Soybean row spacing preferences vary with 15-inch and 30-inch rows the most common. There are many tools available to keep soybeans clean throughout the growing season. The increasing width of planters means that splitting rows with additional units makes planters very heavy. Early planted soybeans yielded 25% more in 12-inch … We recommend seeding rates, for seed not treated with insecticide or fungicide, of about 170,000 seeds per acre for 7.5 inch row spacing (~7.5 seeds per 3 ft.), 160,000 seeds/acre for 15-inch row spacing (about 14 seeds per 3 feet), and 150,000 plants per acre for 30-inch row spacing (~26 seeds per 3 ft.). Farmers today utilize a variety of row spacings when planting soybeans , ranging from 7.5 to 38 inches. Ive got a chance to rent some ground near our home farm and plan on putting soybeans in. apart – losing ground to 30-in. Row spacing is a management decision that often comes up as a priority for achieving high-yielding soybean. Consider 15-inch Row Spacing in Soybean. "Farther north in the corn belt it’s a little bit more common.". In a series of on-farm tests in North Carolina, soybeans in 10- and 20-inch rows yielded 3 bu/A higher when planted early, and 4 bu/A higher when … Soybean row spacing preferences vary with 15-inch and 30-inch rows the most common. The increasing width of planters means that splitting rows with additional units makes planters very heavy. A wide range of row spacings have been used successfully in soybean production. Row spacing can play a significant role in your in-season weed control program. But narrow rows may not be right for everyone. Make the most of late-planted beans with narrow rows, fungicides. Soybean Row Spacing and Seeding Rate RFR-A1629 Mark Licht, assistant professor and extension cropping systems specialist Department of Agronomy Chad Huffman, interim farm superintendent Introduction Recommendations for soybean seeding rates have been targeted between 125,000 and a variety of row spacings when planting soybeans, https://crops.extension.iastate.edu/soybean/production_spacing.html, https://crops.extension.iastate.edu/cropnews/2018/02/consider-15-inch-row-spacing-soybean, https://webapp.agron.ksu.edu/agr_social/eu_article.throck?article_id=1806, Three Agronomic Trends to Know About Heading into Planting Season. The row spacing study in oats was conducted at Indian Head by AAFC from 2009-11. Those wider row spacings leave a lot of open area between the plants that the canopy eventually has to cover to block weeds from the sunlight they need to grow. At F2F Genetics Network™, we’re committed to giving you access to high-performing hybrids and varieties at a fair price, helping you focus on return on investment for your operation. I don’t know if we have a very good estimate of how much more white mold disease there is in 15-inch rows. Soybeans were drilled with a John Deere 750 no-till drill for the 7.5- inch row-spacing treatment and planted with a John Deere 7000 Max Emerge planter with splitter attachment for the 15-inch row-spacing treatment. Hey guys. Crop and Pasture Science, Vol. If you plant corn in 30-inch rows you will plant soybeans in 30-inch rows. University of Illinois crop sciences professor Emerson Nafziger says this may dictate how you get planting done in the most cost-effective way. Information is provided 'as is' and solely for informational purposes, not for trading purposes or advice. Reduced tillage systems had less effect on soybean production than planting date or row spacing. In fact, canopy closure typically happens 15 days sooner in 15-inch rows than it does in 30-inch rows—that’s two fewer weeks that weeds have to develop in your fields! All sales are subject to entrance into a Master Distribution Agreement, where applicable, and the terms and conditions set forth therein. By investigating row spacing at twelve site years in both of the previously mentioned Soybean was planted in 7.5- and 30-inch rows. Opting not to split large planters means that both corn and soybeans are typically planted in 30-inch rows. Research across the Midwest over several years has consistently shown that soybean planted in narrow rows (<30 inches) has a yield advantage compared to wide rows (≥ 30 inches). Eight soybean seeding rates (starting at 197600 and increasing by 49400 live seed ha-1 increments) and row spacing (30 and 61 cm) were evaluated in 15 North Dakota environments in 2017-2018 to determine plant densities, seed yield, and plant loss, which All https://www.barchart.com/solutions/ is provided by Barchart Solutions. Opting not to split large planters means that both corn and soybeans are typically planted in 30-inch rows. When we talk about the fight against weeds in your soybean fields, herbicides and seeds with herbicide tolerance are often the first things that come to mind. Most corn planters are set to plant 30-inch rows, and 15-inch soybeans are generally planted by using split-row units placed between the 30-inch rows. Terms & Conditions are subject to change at any time and without notice. Tag Archives: Seeding Rates & Row Spacing. But that doesn’t automatically mean you should stick to 15-inch rows no matter what. This recommendation continues to exist across the state to optimize soybean seed yield. Fight Weeds All Season Long Using These Tips for a Successful Burndown, Farm Record Keeping Made Simple with the FBN® App, How Does Your Farm Stack Up? That is a question I got one morning in April. PRO-TIP: If white mold is a concern, lowering plant populations can allow more airflow through the canopy and make your soybean crop less conducive to development of the disease. rows. Those wider row spacings leave a lot of open area between the plants that the canopy eventually has to cover to block weeds from the sunlight they need to grow. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of row spacing and seeding rate on the performance of soybean and to determine whether these management practices … rows compared with 30‐in. Farmers today utilize a variety of row spacings when planting soybeans, ranging from 7.5 to 38 inches. Proper soybean row spacing is considered more important than tillage or optimum plant population for maximizing yield potential. In Ohio, most soybeans are planted in row widths ≤ 15 inches. If your equipment isn’t set up for narrow rows, then you may not be ready to take on new or unexpected operating costs. The increasing width of planters – many are now 60 ft. wide – means that splitting rows with additional units makes planters very heavy. In the last 10 years, studies show a 3 to 4 bu/acre yield advantage for soybeans planted in drilled narrow rows and 15-inch rows over 30-inch rows ( Figure 2 ). The increasing width of planters means that splitting rows with additional units makes planters very heavy. April 26, 2012 . Most corn planters are set to plant 30-inch rows, and 15-inch soybeans are generally planted by using split-row units placed between the 30-inch rows. Soybean was planted in 10‐ and 30‐in. Velvetleaf was hand planted at soybean planting (VP), emergence (VE), and 1st trifoliate (V1) stage. The paper presents the effect of planting density and row spacing on the growth, development and yield of soybean, cv. Oats. 2 Purdue Extension recommends row spacing between 7.5 and 15 inches for maximum soybean yield. Just over 50 percent of Illinois soybean fields remain in 15-in. Soybean row spacings (inches) in the 4 largest soybean-producing states in 2012 as a percent of total acres (USDA-NASS. Oats were compared on 10, 12, 14 and 16 inches and at N rates of 18, 36, 53, 71 and 197 lbs./ac. The yield advantage for 10‐in. 68, Issue. In most cases, there is no difference between 7.5, 10, 15, or 20 inch row spacing and anything less than 30 inch is therefore consider narrow row spacing. See sales order form for additional terms and conditions. Find Out with FBN® Benchmarking, Use Satellite Imagery to Scout Fields with Your FBN® Membership, Choose Seeds for Your Farm Using FBN® Seed Finder. Years of research indicate that 30-inch row soybeans yield on average about 7 percent less than 7.5- or 15-inch row soy-beans (Hanna et al., 2007; Oplinger and Philbrook, 1992). Row spacing is unlikely to have nearly as much impact on maturity as other factors such as variety selection and weather conditions. Row spacing. To see all exchange delays and terms of use, please see https://www.barchart.com/solutions/terms. row spacings in early and late May from 1982 through 1985. Soybean relative seed yield with planting rates averaged across row spacings in eastern North Dakota. Farmers today utilize a variety of row spacings when planting soybeans , ranging from 7.5 to 38 inches. Soybean Planting Rate and Row Spacing. soybeans are generally planted by using split-row units placed between the 30-in. Narrower row spacing allows for quicker canopy closure and greater light interception, helps block light from reaching weeds, and helps minimize moisture loss. The advantages of planting soybean in 15- or 30-inch See More Successful Farming Radio Episodes. Opting not to split large planters means that both corn and soybeans are typically planted in 30-inch rows. "If I’ve got 1200 acres, 600 of corn and 600 of soybean and I only want to own one planter, I would probably have maybe a 16-row that has split units on it. The effect of soybean row spacing on yield has been extensively researched. This is especially important when timing or weather becomes an issue. North Dakota State University has a long tradition of recommending the establishment of a soybean population of 150,000 plants per acre across row spacings. Most producers recognize that going from 30-inch rows to something narrower is probably going to give you a yield boost, which he says in most cases is about two bushels per-acre. A thicker canopy can also make certain diseases, such as white mold, more difficult to control. What is the best row spacing for soybeans: 7.5, 10, 15, 20 or 30 inches? Today row spacing for soybeans seems to be driven by the row spacing for corn. iii ABSTRACT North Dakota soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] management varies across the state, resulting in yield differences. Average row spacing in Illinois soybean fields has increased over the past decade after narrowing for several decades before that, according to University of Illinois crop sciences professor Emerson Nafziger. Row spacing and plant density had no statistically significant effect on seed protein concentration and only a small and inconsistent effect on seed size. What Can You Expect to Pay for Corn and Soybean Seed Traits? Soybean row spacing preferences vary greatly across the Midwestern U.S. with narrow rows (15 inches or less) favored in Ohio and Indiana and 30-inch rows more common in Iowa and Nebraska. Narrower row spacing (30 cm and 60 cm) resulted in higher grain yields than the wider row spacing (90 cm) in two out of the three seasons. Soybean cultivars did not respond the same when planted in different row spacings at different planting dates. Since we are a smaller operation we have our crops custom planted, beans are 15 rows and corn is 30 rows. Narrow row soybean is considerably more competitive against many weed species due to earlier canopy closure than in wide row soybean. rows, and 15-in. © 2020 Meredith Corporation. Years of research indicate that 30-inch row soybeans yield on average about 7 percent less than 7.5- or 15-inch row soy-beans (Hanna et al., 2007; Oplinger and Philbrook, 1992). Control program what can you Expect to Pay for corn and soybean seed Traits from industry experts, up... Our home farm and plan on putting soybeans in rows 20 inches or less or advice Successful Farming newsletters a. Management practices may add a little bit more common. `` less than 10.... In 20-inch rows purposes or advice University has a long tradition of recommending the establishment of a population. Little extra yield to late-planted soybean, says University of Illinois crop sciences professor Emerson Nafziger says may. Concentration and only a small and inconsistent effect on seed protein concentration and only soybean row spacing and... Decisions are made based on what equipment is already available a disease called “ white ”. Not to split large planters means that splitting rows with additional units makes planters heavy... ( V1 ) stage on herbicides VE ), emergence ( VE ), and the terms and set! 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Selection and weather conditions 2012 as a priority for achieving high-yielding soybean according... North in the weed control Toolbox and fields up as a priority for achieving soybean. Population is critical when it comes to maximizing soybean yields on your farm and plan putting... And terms of use, please see https: //www.barchart.com/solutions/terms planting rates averaged across row spacings to... In soybean production than planting date or row spacing preferences vary with 15-inch and 30-inch rows, or. Rent some ground near our home farm and fields your only option for keeping your soybean fields.. The 30-in the same when planted in 30-inch rows if we have our crops custom planted, are. Of 150,000 plants per acre across row spacings have been used successfully soybean. Good estimate of how much more white mold disease there is in 15-inch rows Farming newsletters the best yields 0.45... The effect of planting density and row spacing is a question I got one morning April! 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